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Measure Lacquer Coatings on Rough Surfaces

Lacquer Coatings on Rough Surfaces | Coating Thickness Measurement

Irregular surface structures, or โ€œroughnessโ€ โ€“ as typically found on grey cast iron or sand-blasted steel โ€“ complicate the process of measuring the thickness of overlying paint layers. The unevenness of the substrateโ€™s surface can cause large fluctuations in the measured values. This leads to uncertainties in the interpretation of the results and makes it difficult to monitor the coating process.

Two-Pole Probes to Minimize the Influence of Surface Roughness

The underlying surface roughness always affects an overlying paint layer. However, it is difficult to make a quantitative assessment of the degree of interference because this depends on several parameters, such as the geometry of the roughness and the thickness of the lacquer. When measuring with a single-poled probe, measurement positions over roughness peaks or valleys may lead to different readings despite uniform paint thickness. The magnetic field lines are affected differently by the valleys and the peaks. In dual-poled probes this effect, and thus the influence of the roughness is significantly reduced โ€“ which consequently reduces the number of measurements required to assure an acceptable mean and standard deviation.

Fischer's Solution for Coating Thickness Measurement of Paint Layers on Rough Surfaces

The dual-poled probe V7FKB4 used in combination with one of the FISCHER FMP handheld gauges or with the table-top FISCHERSCOPEยฎ MMSยฎ PC2 (module PERMASCOPEยฎ) is especially developed to accurately measure paint layers atop rough surfaces. Compared to those attained with single-poled probes, significantly lower coefficients of variation and higher repeatability precisions are achieved, as shown in Table 1.

Comparison of Results: Single-Pole Probe and Two-Pole Probe on Smooth and Rough Surfaces

Comparative measurements: single-poled standard probe vs. the dual-poled V7FKB4 probe, on even and rough surfaces.
  Standard probe
  Probe V7FKB4
Measurement number sample 1
sample 2
sample 1
sample 2
1 126.4 241.6 125.8 237.2
2 125.2 263.0 125.6 245.4
3 125.7 232.6 125.2 248.7
4 125.3 250.3 126.2 241.6
5 126.2 252.3 126.0 252.4
6 125.5 244.3 125.6 251.3
Mean value (ยตm) 125.71 247.35 125.71 246.11
Standard deviation (ยตm) 0.47 10.38 0.36 5.90
Coefficient of variation (%) 0.37 4.20 0.28 2.40
FMP10 to FMP40, Dry Film Thickness Gauge
ProductsFMP10 to FMP40, Dry Film Thickness GaugeFMP10 to FMP40, Dry Film Thickness Gauge

Conclusion on the Measurement of Paint Layers on Rough Surfaces

The measurement accuracy is very dependent on careful calibration. The V7FKB4 probe reduces not only the calibration effort on original pieces but also the number of measurements required to verify the results.

For precise measurement of paint layers on rough surfaces, the dual-poled magnetic induction probe V7FKB4 is ideal when used together with a device from the FMP family of handheld instruments or the FISCHERSCOPEยฎ MMSยฎ PC2. The expansion of the magnetic field lines between the two poles mini-mises the measurement variations induced by the roughness, providing the levels of precision and accuracy you have come to expect from FISCHER. For more information, contact your local FISCHER representative.

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